Top 6 Facts about birds of prey you didn’t know

 Discover 6 little-known facts about birds of prey

Birds of prey are a group of birds that hunt and feed on other animals, such as rodents, fish, reptiles, and even other birds. They are also known as raptors, which means “to seize and carry off” in Latin. Birds of prey are among the most fascinating and powerful creatures in the natural world, and they play an important role in maintaining the health of their ecosystems. However, there are many surprising and lesser-known aspects of these birds that you may not be aware of. Here are six facts about birds of prey that will amaze you.

Birds of Prey

Fact 1: Unparalleled Vision Abilities

Birds of prey have eyes that are far superior to those of most other animals, and they can see things that humans cannot. For instance, some birds of prey can perceive ultraviolet light, which enables them to track down rodents by following their urine marks. Some species, such as falcons and eagles, have a vision that is eight times sharper than humans, and they can spot a rabbit from two miles away. Other species, such as owls, have a vision that is well adapted to the dark, and they can hunt in the night.

Fact 2: Formidable Hunting Tools - Talons and Beaks

Birds of prey have specialized talons and beaks that are designed to capture and kill their prey. Their talons are curved and sharp claws that can hold and puncture the flesh of their victims with incredible force. For example, a golden eagle’s talons can apply a pressure of 400 pounds per square inch, which is stronger than a lion’s bite.

birds of prey

Their beaks are also hooked and powerful, and they can rip apart the meat and bones of their prey with ease. Some birds of prey, such as falcons, have a special notch on their beak called a tomial tooth, which they use to cut the spinal cord of their prey.

Fact 3: Diverse Species and Unique Traits

There are more than 560 species of prey birds in the world, and they vary in size, shape, color, and behavior. Some of the largest and strongest birds of prey are the condors and the eagles, which can have wingspans of up to 10 feet and weigh up to 33 pounds. Some of the smallest birds of prey are the owlets and the pygmy owls, which can have wingspans of less than a foot and weigh less than 2 ounces. Each species has its own unique traits that make it adapted to its environment and lifestyle. For example, some birds of prey have feathers that match their surroundings for camouflage, while others have bright colors for display. Some have long legs for wading in water, while others have short legs for perching on branches. Some have broad wings for soaring in the air, while others have narrow wings for maneuvering in dense forests.

birds of prey

Fact 4: Strategic Hunting Techniques

Birds of prey employ different hunting techniques depending on their prey type, habitat, and physical abilities. Some birds of prey hunt by soaring high in the sky and diving down at high speeds to catch their prey by surprise. This is called stooping, and it is performed by falcons and some eagles. Some birds of prey hunt by hovering over a spot and dropping down to snatch their prey from the ground or water. This is called kiting, and it is performed by ospreys and some hawks. Some birds of prey hunt by flying low over an area and scanning for movement with their keen eyesight. This is called quartering, and it is performed by harriers and some owls. Some birds of prey hunt by sitting on a perch and waiting for an opportunity to strike. This is called still-hunting, and it is performed by most owls and some hawks.

Fact 5: Ecological Role and Importance

Birds of prey play a vital role in maintaining the balance and health of their ecosystems. They are apex predators, which means they are at the top of the food chain and have few or no natural enemies. They help control the populations of their prey species by removing the old, sick, weak, or injured individuals. This prevents overpopulation, disease spread, and competition for resources among the prey species. Birds of prey also help recycle nutrients by scavenging on carcasses or leaving behind remains that are consumed by other animals or decomposed by microorganisms.

Fact 6: Fascinating Cognitive Abilities

facts about birds of prey

Birds of prey are not only physically impressive but also mentally capable. They have shown surprising intelligence and problem-solving skills in various situations. For example, some birds of prey can use tools to obtain food or manipulate objects. A famous example is the Egyptian vulture, which uses stones to crack open ostrich eggs. Some birds of prey can cooperate with each other to hunt more efficiently or defend their territory. A notable example is the Harris’s hawk, which hunts in groups and can coordinate their attacks or share their prey. Some birds of prey can learn from their own experience or from observing others. A remarkable example is the New Caledonian crow, which can make and use complex tools and pass on its skills to its offspring.


Birds of prey are amazing creatures that deserve our respect and admiration. They have unparalleled vision abilities, formidable hunting tools, diverse species and unique traits, strategic hunting techniques, ecological role and importance, and fascinating cognitive abilities. These are just some of the facts that make them stand out among the animal kingdom. There is much more to learn and discover about these remarkable birds, and we hope you are inspired to explore more about them.


What is the definition of a bird of prey?

A bird of prey is any bird that feeds on other animals by hunting them down and killing them. Birds of prey have special adaptations that help them find and catch their prey, such as sharp eyesight, strong talons, curved beaks, and powerful flight muscles. Birds of prey are also called raptors, which comes from the Latin word “rapere”, meaning “to grab or take by force”.

Which bird of prey has the largest wingspan?

The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is the bird of prey with the widest wingspan, measuring up to 3.3 meters (10.8 feet) from tip to tip. The Andean condor is also one of the heaviest flying birds, weighing up to 15 kilograms (33 pounds). It lives in the Andes mountains and along the Pacific coast of South America, where it feeds mainly on dead animals.

What are the threats to birds of prey?

Some of the main threats to birds of prey are:

  • Habitat loss and degradation: Human activities destroy and fragment their natural habitats, reducing their food and shelter resources and exposing them to more dangers.
  • Persecution: Some people harm or kill them on purpose or by accident because they view them as pests, rivals, or targets. Some people also poach them for their feathers, body parts, or as pets.
  • Poisoning: They can be poisoned by eating prey or carcasses that have been contaminated with pesticides, rodenticides, or other toxins. Some people also use poison baits to kill them on purpose.
  • Collision and electrocution: They can collide with man-made structures such as power lines, wind turbines, buildings, or vehicles while flying or hunting. They can also be electrocuted by touching live wires or transformers on power poles or pylons.
  • Climate change: The changing climate can affect their distribution and abundance and their prey species. It can also change their breeding seasons and increase their risk of diseases and parasites.

Can birds of prey be kept as pets?

Keeping a bird of prey as a pet is not a simple or easy task. It requires a lot of time, money, knowledge, and commitment to provide proper care and welfare for these animals. It also involves legal and ethical issues that vary depending on the country and region where you live.

In general, keeping a bird of prey as a pet is not recommended unless you have a valid reason and license to do so. Some reasons may include conservation breeding programs, rehabilitation centers, educational facilities, or falconry activities. Falconry is the ancient art and sport of hunting with trained birds of prey.

In the UK, there are strict rules and regulations for keeping birds of prey as pets. You must ensure that the bird is captive bred and has proof of breeding. You must also register some species with Defra under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. You must also provide suitable housing, food, water, health care, enrichment, and exercise for your bird. You must also follow the Animal Welfare Act 2006, which states that you have a duty to ensure that your birds’ needs are met and that you do not cause unnecessary suffering or harm to it.

Are all birds of prey carnivorous?

Yes, all birds of prey are carnivorous, meaning that they only eat meat or animal flesh. However, not all carnivorous birds are considered birds of prey. For example, some birds that eat fish, insects, or other invertebrates are not classified as birds of prey, such as herons, kingfishers, gulls, or penguins.

Birds of prey can be further classified into different categories based on their diet and hunting methods. Some of these categories are:

  • Obligate carnivores: These are birds of prey that can only digest meat and cannot survive on plants or other foods. They have specialized digestive systems and enzymes that allow them to process animal protein and fat efficiently. All cats, from domestic cats to tigers, are obligatory carnivores. Some birds of prey that are obligated carnivores include falcons, hawks, eagles, and owls.
  • Hypercarnivores: These are birds of prey that depend on animals for at least 70 percent of their diet. They may also eat some plants, fungi, or other nutrients to supplement their meat intake. Some birds of prey that are hypercarnivores include vultures, condors, and sea eagles.
  • Mesocarnivores: These are birds of prey that depend on animals for at least 50 percent of their diet. They also eat a significant number of plants, fruits, vegetables, or fungi to balance their nutrition. Some birds of prey that are mesocarnivores include foxes, raccoons, and skunks.
  • Hypocarnivores: These are birds of prey that depend on animals for less than 30 percent of their diet. They mainly eat plants, berries, nuts, roots, or bulbs to satisfy their energy and nutrient needs. Some birds of prey that are hypocarnivores include bears, pandas, and koalas.