7 Ways to protect your cat from common health problems

 7 Common cat health problems and how to prevent them


Cats are wonderful companions, but they also require regular care and attention to keep them healthy and happy. As a cat owner, you may encounter some common cat health problems that can affect your furry friend’s well-being and quality of life. Fortunately, many of these issues can be prevented or managed with some simple steps and practices. In this article, we will discuss seven common cat health problems and how to prevent them.

Dental Issues


One of the most common cat health problems is dental issues, such as plaque, tartar, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. These can cause pain, inflammation, infection, tooth loss, and even systemic problems in your cat. To prevent dental issues, you should practice good dental hygiene for your cat, such as:

  • Brushing your cat’s teeth regularly with a soft-bristled toothbrush and a cat-friendly toothpaste. This can help remove plaque and bacteria from your cat’s teeth and gums.
  • Using dental treats and toys can help clean your cat’s teeth and stimulate their gums. You can also look for products that contain enzymes or ingredients that can reduce plaque and tartar formation.

Some signs and symptoms of dental problems in cats include:

  • Bad breath that smells foul or sour. This can indicate the presence of bacteria or infection in your cat’s mouth.
  • Difficulty eating or chewing, especially dry food. Your cat may also drool excessively or paw at their mouth.
  • Swelling or bleeding of the gums, or loose or missing teeth. These can indicate advanced stages of dental disease that require immediate veterinary attention.

If you notice any of these signs in your cat, you should take them to the vet for a dental check-up and treatment.



Another common cat health problem is obesity, which is defined as having excess body fat that can impair your cat’s health and function. Obesity can increase the risk of various diseases and conditions in your cat, such as diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, liver disease, and urinary problems. To maintain a healthy weight for your cat, you should:

  • Control the portion and frequency of your cat’s meals. You can use a measuring cup or a scale to ensure that you are feeding your cat the right amount of food according to their age, size, activity level, and health status.
  • Feed your cat a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs and preferences. You can consult your vet for recommendations on the best type of food for your cat, whether it is dry, wet, or raw.
  • Provide regular exercise and playtime for your cat. This can help burn calories, strengthen muscles, improve circulation, and stimulate mental health. You can use toys, lasers, feathers, or other items that can entice your cat to chase, pounce, or jump.

Some ways to identify obesity in cats include:

  • Weight gain that exceeds the normal range for your cat’s breed and size. You can use a scale or a body condition score chart to monitor your cat’s weight and body fat percentage.
  • Health problems that are associated with obesity, such as difficulty breathing, lethargy, joint pain, skin infections, or urinary issues. These can indicate that your cat’s weight is affecting its organ function and quality of life.

If you suspect that your cat is overweight or obese, you should consult your vet for advice on how to help them lose weight safely and effectively.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are another common cat health problem that can affect the lower or upper urinary tract of your cat. UTIs are caused by bacteria or other microorganisms that enter the urinary tract through the urethra and cause inflammation and infection. UTIs can also be associated with other factors, such as stress, dehydration, bladder stones, or urinary crystals. To promote urinary health in cats, you should:

  • Provide fresh water and clean litter boxes for your cat. This can encourage your cat to drink more water and urinate more frequently, which can help flush out bacteria and toxins from their urinary tract.
  • Feed your cat a balanced diet that prevents urinary crystals from forming. Urinary crystals are small mineral deposits that can irritate the bladder wall or block the urethra. You can look for foods that have low levels of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, or oxalate, which are the main components of urinary crystals.

Some signs and symptoms of UTIs in cats include:

  • Frequent urination or urinating outside the litter box. Your cat may also make more noise or show signs of pain or discomfort when urinating.
  • Blood in the urine or straining to urinate. These can indicate a severe infection or an obstruction in the urinary tract that requires immediate veterinary attention.

If you notice any of these signs in your cat, you should take them to the vet for a urine test and treatment.

Fleas and Parasites


Fleas and parasites are another common cat health problem that can affect your cat’s skin, fur, blood, and intestines. Fleas are small insects that feed on your cat’s blood and can cause itching, irritation, allergic reactions, anemia, and infections. Parasites are organisms that live inside or outside your cat’s body and can cause diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, malnutrition, and organ damage. To prevent fleas and parasites in cats, you should:

  • Apply regular flea treatments and parasite control for your cat. You can use topical products, oral medications, or collars that can kill or repel fleas and parasites from your cat. You should also consult your vet for the appropriate dosage and frequency of these products for your cat.
  • Keep your indoor and outdoor environments clean and free of fleas and parasites. You can vacuum your carpets, furniture, and bedding regularly, wash your cat’s bedding and toys frequently, and dispose of any feces or dead animals that may harbor fleas or parasites.

Some common signs of flea infestation in cats include:

  • Excessive scratching or grooming of the skin or fur. Your cat may also develop scabs, sores, or hair loss due to the irritation caused by fleas.
  • The presence of fleas or flea dirt on your cat’s fur or skin. Flea dirt is the feces of fleas that look like black specks or grains of sand. You can use a flea comb or a white paper towel to check for fleas or flea dirt on your cat.

If you find fleas or flea dirt on your cat, you should treat them with a flea product and clean their environment as soon as possible.

Respiratory Issues

Respiratory issues are another common cat health problem that can affect your cat’s nose, throat, lungs, or airways. Respiratory issues can be caused by various factors, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, allergies, irritants, or foreign objects. Respiratory issues can impair your cat’s breathing and oxygen delivery and can lead to serious complications if left untreated. To maintain a clean and dust-free environment for your cat, you should:

  • Regularly clean your cat’s bedding and living areas. You can use a vacuum cleaner or a damp cloth to remove dust, dirt, hair, or other particles that can trigger or worsen respiratory issues in your cat.
  • Minimize your cat’s exposure to smoke or strong chemicals. These can irritate your cat’s respiratory tract and cause inflammation or infection. You should avoid smoking around your cat or using products that contain harsh ingredients or fragrances.

Some signs and symptoms of respiratory problems in cats include:

  • Sneezing, coughing, or wheezing. These can indicate that your cat has an upper respiratory infection (URI) or asthma that affects their nose, throat, or airways.
  • Nasal or eye discharge. These can indicate that your cat has a bacterial or viral infection that affects their mucous membranes.

If you notice any of these signs in your cat, you should take them to the vet for a diagnosis and treatment.


Hairballs are another common cat health problem that occurs when your cat swallows their own hair during grooming. Hairballs are usually harmless and pass through your cat’s digestive system without any issues. However, sometimes hairballs can accumulate in your cat’s stomach or intestines and cause obstruction, inflammation, or infection. To prevent hairball formation through grooming, you should:

  • Regularly brush your cat’s fur to remove loose hair. This can reduce the amount of hair that your cat ingests during grooming and prevent hairball formation.
  • Incorporate hairball control supplements or diets into your cat’s routine. These products can help lubricate your cat’s digestive tract and facilitate the passage of hairballs.

Some signs of hairball issues in cats include:

  • Frequent retching or vomiting of hairballs. This can indicate that your cat has difficulty passing hairballs through their digestive system.
  • Lack of appetite or constipation. These can indicate that your cat has a large hairball that is blocking their stomach or intestines.

If you suspect that your cat has a hairball problem, you should consult your vet for advice on how to help them expel the hairball safely.

Skin Allergies

Skin allergies are another common cat health problem that occurs when your cat’s immune system reacts to a substance that is harmless to most cats. Skin allergies can cause itching, inflammation, redness, swelling, or infection of the skin or ears. Skin allergies can be triggered by various allergens, such as food ingredients, environmental factors, or contact substances. To identify common allergens for cats, you should:

  • Conduct a food trial to determine if your cat has a food allergy or sensitivity. A food allergy is an immune response to a specific protein in the food, while a food sensitivity is an intolerance to a certain ingredient in the food. A food trial involves feeding your cat a novel or hydrolyzed protein diet for a period of time, usually 8 to 12 weeks, and observing if their symptoms improve or worsen. You should consult your vet for guidance on how to conduct a food trial for your cat.
  • Test your cat for environmental allergens, such as pollen, dust mites, mold, or grass. Environmental allergens can cause seasonal or year-round skin allergies in your cat. You can take your cat to the vet for a skin or blood test to determine what they are allergic to.
  • Avoid or eliminate contact allergens, such as flea collars, shampoos, detergents, or fabrics. Contact allergens can cause skin irritation or inflammation in your cat when they touch their skin or fur. You can try to identify the source of the contact allergen by observing when and where your cat develops symptoms.

To manage and alleviate cat skin allergies, you should:

  • Use hypoallergenic products for grooming and cleaning your cat. These products are designed to be gentle and non-irritating to your cat’s skin and fur. You can look for products that are fragrance-free, dye-free, or pH-balanced for cats.
  • Administer anti-inflammatory or antihistamine medications for your cat. These medications can help reduce the inflammation and itching caused by skin allergies. You should consult your vet for the appropriate dosage and frequency of these medications for your cat.


As you can see, there are many common cat health problems that can affect your furry friend’s well-being and quality of life. However, with some preventive measures and proactive care, you can help your cat avoid or overcome these issues and enjoy a long and happy life with you. Remember to always consult your vet if you have any concerns or questions about your cat’s health and follow their recommendations accordingly. Your cat will thank you for it!